Annecy a roman town
The shores of the Lake of Annecy are occupied since at least the year 3100 BC. Annecy was created only from 50 BC Jesus Christ and then bore the name or Boutae Baute. At that time was still a Annecy Roman village, she had also never more than 2000 people before the fall of the Roman Empire.
At the fall of the Roman Empire the city was wasting away the causes of the great barbarian invasions came from Gaul who brought the insecurity in the city. These invasions announce Annecy nevertheless the beginning of the feudal era.
Annecy in the feudal era
In 259, the city is decimated and its inhabitants massacred following the mighty barbarian invasions. The survivors were forced to hide in the caves of Mount Veyrier. Once the invasion ended, many residents left the town to the countryside in the hills around any particular Anniciaca (Annecy).
Attacks against Annecy continued until the 6th century. Everything was burned, looted, destroyed and the remaining residents decided to turn to leave Boutae.
The city activities resumed in the 7th century on the banks of Thiou, the Church of St. Maurice is the starting point. Also during this period that the castle was built in Annecy.
Wars and battles continue and still oppose the bishops of Geneva to Annecy. The Counts of Geneva ended up taking refuge in Annecy in the manor of Novel (plains purposes). The city became the capital of the county.
The last Count of Geneva becoming the antipope Clement VII in Avignon residence begat the Great Western Schism.
Annecy Savoy town
Following the death of Clement VII in 1394, the County of Geneva in 1401 was sold to the Count of Savoy Amadeus VIII. In 1444 he created a monopoly given to a member of his family by providing greater autonomy. This privilege will live until the seventeenth century.
Janus, the son of Louis I of Savoy, Annecy made his official residence while he was count of Genevois, Baron Faucigny, Lord of Beaufort-Ugine-Faverges Gourdans.C-east that were established at Annecy the principal organs County government : council Counts, chamber of accounts, tax attorney, J. mage
Janus died in 1491 and Annecy became attached to the Savoy from 1491 to 1514, the year Charles III bequeathed the Geneva and other lands to his brother Philip. Annecy is the prerogative of a new center of Geneva around Ugine.
Annecy : The Rome of the Alps
Annecy with its religious influence had a dozen convents. Half the city was possessed by different religious orders with churches, convents, shops, mills and vast lands and forests.
In the 16th century, when the Calvinist Reformation in Geneva won the Catholics took refuge in Annecy. It was then that a series of beautiful monuments are constructed (Logis de Nemours, Pierre Cathedral, Lambert House …).
In 1600, Charles Emmanuel of Savoy and 1st Duke Henri IV King of France then came into conflict. The Calvinists took the opportunity to get its hands on regional goods. The war ended in late 1590.
During the year 1602 St. Francois de Sales, the native son became bishop of the city. He scored a sustainable city and the entire region through his intellect and spirituality and inspire a revival of religious and cultural dynamics, cons reform. Annecy is the Rome of the Alps.
The French Revolution
The many Savoyards who worked in Paris without forgetting the writings of Voltaire and Jean Jacques Rousseau have spilled over the Annecy region ideals of the revolution raging in France.
At the end of 1792 the Duchy of Savoy was took by assault by the troops of General Montesquieu requiring the Savoy army officials, members of the clergy and the king to his refuge in Piemont.
It was in this same year-end that despotism is abolished by the assembly of Allobroges held in the Cathedral of Chambery. No more chores, and welcome to the militia department of Mont Blanc.
Annecy become French for 23 years. The Duke of Savoy, who fled in front of the arrival of French troops the population had the feeling of being liberated. However, the mass mobilization of men, the flight of councilors of the nobility and the clergy and the anti-religious revolution finally forcing people to rebel.
During this period, the major markets of France were open and many factories were therefore emerged along the Thiou to take advantage of hydropower and industrial knowledge of Annecy.
In 1866 for the first time in Annecy steam train makes its appearance which allowed tourism to develop. The city grew slowly during the early 20th century, new neighborhoods are emerging such as : The Balmettes, Vovray, La Prairie … The electricity from the hydropower plant the Fier illuminates Annecy 1906.
The tourist boom of the town accompanied by an industrial development with iconic names such industries as : Aussedat, Dunand, Crolard, Leon Laydernier …
In 1936, the paid leave to allow classes to discover the Lake of Annecy and mountains. The urban development of the city began to decline after thirty glorious years in the 60/70.
The city today is the center of an agglomeration of more than 130,000 inhabitants.